The 1861 Census Return for Chrishall, Essex UK.


This entry has been copied from data kindly supplied by Angela Philips of Melbourne Australia. Angela is distantly related to the Brooks, Cranwell and Clarke families of Chrishall but her main interest is the Law family of Clavering. Whilst great care has been taken in copying the data, complete accuracy cannot be guaranteed. Genealogists should check with the Public Records Office or any of the family history websites such as Ancestry, if in any doubt. The enumerator’s spelling (eg Marther) has been retained.

What has also been retained are the enumerator’s comments which are lovely.  The enumerator was Mr Joseph Newman and while he starts off very organised he obviously got rather disillusioned, either with the job of enumerator or the people of Chrishall or both.  Towards the end of the return he starts to write down exactly what he is being told.  So we have entries for the question “Where Born” as “Go and ask I don’t care”, “He won’t tell because he don’t know” and “Folks can’t tell”. These are actual comments written in the return along with notes and question marks.  While obviously accurate information is important it brings it all much more to life! Enjoy!

(Total 643 persons)


Address Name Relation to Head Cond M F Occupation Where Born (otherwise in Chrishall Essex)
Church St James Guiver Hd m 46 Ag. Lab
Sarah Guiver Wife m 43
Hannah Guiver Dau Un 17
Walter John Guiver Son Un 4
Church St. James Wallman Hd m 38 Beer Shop & Blacksmith Heydon, Essex
Lion & Gate Beer shop Sarah Wallman Wife m 37 Heydon, Essex Geo.
Edward Wallman Son Un 13 Heydon, Essex
Sarah Ann Wallman Dau Un 10
Emma Eliz Wallman Dau Un 6
Mary Jane Wallman Dau Un 4
Harriet B Wallman Dau Un 3
Henery Wallman Lodger Un 44 Shoe Maker Heydon, Essex
James H. Greenhill Lodger Wid 56 Bricklayer Chatham, Kent
3 Church St. Joseph Young Hd Wid 57 Ag. Lab Elmdon, Essex
Caroline Young Dau Un 27
Esther Ward Visitor Un 19
James Smith Hd m. 33 Ag. Lab Chesterford, Essex
Sarah Smith Wife m 36
Charley Smith Son Un 3
Ann Smith Dau ? Un 4 wks?
5 Church St Ebenezer Miller Hd m 27 Ag Lab
Betsey Miller wife m 26
George Miller son Un 13
Breans Miller son?
6 Church St. George Woods Hd m 60 Ag Lab .
Eliza Woods Wife m 40
Rebecca Woods dau Un 13
Fred Woods son Un 4 Not stated
7 Church St Joseph Newman Hd m 48 Farmer & Shop Keepr
Elizabeth Newman wife m 44 Melbourn, Cambridgeshire
Robert Newman son Un 16
William Newman son Un 11
George Newman son Un 3
Sarah Cane Serv Un 24 Stansted, Herts
9Church St William Jeffery Hd m 24 Blacksmith Arkesden, Essex
Elizabeth Jefferey wife m 25 Barkingside, Essex
William Adams Son before marriage 3 3 Bury St Edmonds,Suffolk
George Jefferey son 1
Henry Bradford Lodger Wid. 58 Pauper Barkingside
Ann Dau (Bradford?) Lodger Un 22 Barkingside
8 Church St Rebekah Jeffery Hd Left by husband 65 Pauper
Thomas Jeffery s un 26 Ag Lab Arkesden Essex
Susan Jeffery d un 21
Louisa Jeffery d un 17
10 Church St William Clark Hd m 59 Ag. Lab.
Amelia Clark wife m 51 Elmdon, Essex
11Church St. Maryann Corbey Hd widow 30 Pauper Clavering, Essex
George Corbey son un 13 Ag Lab
Enock Corbey son un 8
William Corbey son un 7
Walter Corbey son un 4
Joseph Corbey son un 2
12Church St. William Challis hd m 42 Elmdon, Essex
Sarah Challis wife m 36 Arkesden, Essex
Eliza Challis dau un 14
Mary Ann Challis dau un 11
John Challis Son un 6
13 Church St Peter Nash Hd m 44 Farmer 64 ac. 1 man 2 boys Chesterford
Emma Nash wife m 40
Marther Nash mother widow 75 Chesterford
14 Church St Josiah Cane Hd m 54 Shoe maker
Sarah Cane wife m 50 Elmdon
Joseph Cane son un 28 Shoe maker Elmdon
Tubal Cane son un 19 Shoe maker Stansted, Herts
Philip Cane son un 17 Shoe maker
Henery Cane son un 15
Lydia Cane dau un 13
George Cane son un 9
Elizabeth Jane dau un 6
15 Church St Charles Wright Hd m 41 Ag Lab
Marther Wright wife m 39
Stephen Wright son un 14
John Jeffrey Wright son un 8 scholar
Emma Jane Wright dau un 5 scholar
Susannah Wright dau un 3 scholar
William George Wright Son un 1
16 Church St. Stephen Clements Hd m 46 Labourer Elmdon
Julia Clements wife m 48 Elmdon
Josphane Emiley Clements dau un 12 scholar
Lavinia Butter Niece Niece un 11 scholar
17 Church St William Brooks Hd m 44 Thatcher
Ameailer Brooks wife m 46 Church St. Bethnal Gn. London
Jonathan Brooks son un 23 Ag Lab
Aurthur Brooks son un 19 Ag Lab
Josiah Brooks son un 18 Ag Lab
Mark Brooks son un 16 Ag lab
Luke Brooks son un 14 Ag Lab
James Brooks son un 7 Scholar
18 Church St. John Smith Hd m 68 Ag lab
Ann Smith wife m 76 Cotten Cambridgeshire
19 Church St Breans Miller Hd m 54 Parish Church Clerk
Phoebe Miller wife m 52
Harriet Miller dau un 11
Cornalus Miller son un 9
20 Church St Stephen Jeffrey Hd m 28 Woodman Arkesden, Essex
Marther Jeffrey wife m 36 Woodman’s wife Elmdon, Essex
Lyidia Jefery dau un 3
John George Jeffery son un 1
21 Church St John Living Hd Brother? 64 Yeoman
Elizabeth Law widow 67 Housekeeper Finchingfield
Thomas Brand Hd m 55 Ratcatcher
Lidia Brand wife m 41
Robert Brand s un 16
John Brand s un 13
Mary Brand d un 10
Emma Brand d un 4
William Brand s un 1
23 Church Rd Robert Geen H. Ware Hd m 34 Vicar of Chrishall Scotland
Vicarage Ellen Barnsley H. Ware. wife m 36
Hannah Stuart s-in – law un 42 Co…
Charlotte W. H. Ware. dau un 10 Scotland
Catherine C. Rilbee. visitor un 64 Lawyers Dau. Ireland
Robert Stuart H. Ware. s un 8 Scholar Mountnessing, Essex
James R. J. Hubert Ware. s un 7 Scholar South End? Essex
George H. H. Ware s un 2 Fourkham? Kent
Catherine R. H. Ware d un 1 mnth Chrishall
Mary Graydon servant un 28 Nurse Berwick on Tweed
Mary Funsdon? servant ? Un House maid Leamington? Wiltshire.
25 Building End Charles Brand Hd m 50 Agric lab
Mary Brand wife m 47
Ann Brand dau un 11
Stephen Brand son un 7
24 Chiswick Hall Edwin Brand Hd m 39 Farmer 35 Ac. 2 men. 5 boys Chrishall
Sarah Brand wife m 35 (I have sent twice and they will put it down)
Walter Brand s un 9
Mary Jones Brand dau un 5
Sarah Caroline Brand dau un 1
Ann Young servant un 15
Marther Pledger servant un 15 not stated
26 Building End Thomas Rogers Hd widower 55 Agric lab
Ann Rogers dau un 26
George Flack son-in-law m 23 Agric lab
Marther Flack wife m 21
Philip Flack son un 3
Peter Flack son un 1
27 Building End Jabez Rumbell Hd m 45 Ag Lab Little B? Cambs
Mary Rumbell wife m 42 Chrishall
Joseph Rumbell s un 19
Emma Rumbell d un 16
Rachel Rumbell s un 14
Jhoma (?) Rumbell son un 12
Roseetta Rumbell d un 8
Mary Ann Rumbell d un 5
28 Building End William Cranwell Hd m 42 Agric lab Chrishall
Jane Cranwell wife m 35 Duxford, Cambridgeshire
George Cranwell s un 16
Mary Ann Cranwell d un 11
Seliner Cranwell d un 10
James Cranwell s un 10
Ester Cranwell s un 8
Premer Cranwell s un 7 not stated
Thomas Cranwell d un 6
Oswald Cranwell s un 4
William Cranwell s un 2
Marther Cranwell d un 17 mnths
29 Building End William Brand Hd Widower 75 Farmer 470ac. 20 men 6 boys. Elmdon, Essex
John Pettit Servant Un 56 Ag. Lab.
Rebekah Rogers Servant Un 19 General Servant
Urania Cranwell Servant Un 13 General Servant
30 Building End William Law Hd Widower 45 Ag. Lab.
Mary Ann Law Dau Un 19
33 Building End James Drury Hd m 28 Ag. Lab Abington Cambridgeshire
Lydia Drury Wife m 28 Elmdon, Essex
Jane Drury Dau Un 3
Walter Drury Son Un 8 mnths
31 Building End John Smith Hd m 37 Ag. Lab Langley, Essex
Susan Smith Wife m 30 Langley, Essex
James Smith Son Un 9? Langley, Essex
Emily Smith Dau Un 10 Langley, Essex
William Smith Son Un 6 Chrishall. Essex
Mary Smith Dau Un 4
David Smith Son 2
Thomas Smith Son 8 mo
32 Building End Nathan Pitches Hd m 40
Elizabeth Pitches Wife m 38 Ag. Lab
Caroline Pitches Dau Un 15
Amos Pitches Son Un 13
Emiley Pitches Dau Un 11
Selina Pitches Dau Un 9
George Pitches Son Un 6
William Pitches Son Un 2
Elizabeth Pitches Dau Un 8mo
34 Building End Robert Brand In the house 48 Partnership with No 29.
35 Building End David Drury Hd m 54. Ag. Lab. Sen f.on Little Suffolk
Mary Drury Wife m 55 Steeple Morden. Cambridgeshire
Eliza Drury Dau Un 17 Cambridgeshire. Abington. Pigotts
Thomas Drury Son Un 15 Cambridgeshire. Abington. Pigotts
Stephen Drury Son Un 13 Cambridgeshire. Abington. Pigotts
37 Building End William Purkis Hd m 44 Game Keeper Cambridgeshire, Hildersham
Betsy Purkis Wife m 37 Laundress Cambridgeshire, Hildersham
Barton Purkis Son Un 14 Errand Boy Cambridgeshire, Hildersham
Pheboeba Purkis Dau Un 13 Scholar Cambridgeshire, Hildersham
Lucy Purkis Dau Un 11 Scholar Cambridgeshire, Hildersham
Betsy Purkis Dau Un 8 Scholar Cambridgeshire, Landwade
Mary Ann Purkis Dau Un 6 Scholar Cambridgeshire, Little Girton
John William Purkis Son Un 4 Cambridgeshire. Little Girton
Charles Purkis Son 1 Chrishall, Essex
38 White Lane Lettice Lofts Hd Widow 74 Pauper Barley, herts
39White Lane Elizabeth Bradford Hd Widow 46 Pauper
Susan Bradford Dau Un 17
James Bradford Son Un 15
Emma Bradford Dau Un 9
Ester Bradford Dau Un 6
40 White Lane Stephen Clemants Hd m 77 Shepherd Elmdon, Essex
Sarah Clemants Wife m 73 Elmdon, Essex
Mariah Clemants Dau Un 36 Elmdon, Essex
Mary S. Sears Gran-Dau Un 5 Scholar Elmdon, Essex
41 White Lane Elizabeth Butter Hd Widow 83 Pauper
Christmas Flack Gr-Son Un 10
42 White Lane John Nottage Hd m 44 Shepherd Arkesden, Essex
Mary Nottage Wife m 48 Chesterford, Essex
Peter Nottage Son Un 19 Ag. Lab Elmdon, Essex
Josiah Nottage Son Un 13 Shepherd Boy Elmdon, Essex
Allen Nottage Son Un 10 Plough Boy Elmdon, Essex
Martha Nottage Dau Un 6 Scholar Elmdon, Essex
43 White Lane Edward Bird Hd m 58 Ag. Lab Arkesden, Essex
Ann Bird Wife m 57 Clavering, Essex
Miria Bird Dau Un 5 Chrishall, Essex
Joseph Bird Son Un 2
James Bird Son Un 4 mo
44.Parsonage Farm House Joseph Downham Hd m 60 Farmer 500ac. 19men, 4 boys. Chrishall, Essex
Eliza Downham Wife m 47 Saffron Walden, Essex
Robert Dean Foreman Widower 62 Bailiff Melbourn, Cambridgeshire
Ann Clark Servant Un 19 House Servant Chrishall, Essex
45 White Street Edward Tinworth Hd m 31 Ag. Lab Elmdon, Essex
Sarah Tinworth Wife m 31 Ickleton, Cambridgeshire
Emma Tinworth Dau Un 11 Chrishall, Essex
George Tinworth Son Un 9
Susan Tinworth Dau Un 7
Walter Tinworth Son Un 4
Elizabeth Tinworth Dau Un 2
Mary Flack Aunt Un 55 No Chrishall, Essex
46 White Street Nicholas Soole Hd m 52 Carpenter Ickleton, Cambidgeshire
Susan Soole Wife m 47 Ickleton, Cambridgeshire
George Soole Son Un 17 Apprentice Chrishall, Essex
Richard Soole Son Un 10 Scholar
Emma Soole Dau Un 6 Scholar
William Soole Son Un 5
Elizabeth Soole Dau Un 2
47 White Street John Wilkerson Hd m 36 Ag. Lab Chrishall, Essex
Jane Wilkerson Wife m 38 Barkway, Herts
Mary Wilkerson Dau Un 17 Ag. Lab Chrishall, Essex
James Wilkerson Son Un 15 Ag. Lab
Carthuta? Wilkerson Son Un 12 Scholar
Joseph Wilkerson Son Un 10 Scholar
Thomas Wilkerson Son Un 5 Scholar
Martha Wilkerson Dau Un 2
48 White Street Phoeby Hervey Hd m 36 Ag Lab (Husband in Prison) Langley, Essex
Peter Hervey Son Un 17 Ag. Lab Chrishall, Essex
Lucy Hervey Dau Un 12 Ag. Lab
Selinah Hervey Dau Un 8 Scolar
Walter John Hervey Son Un 5
49 White Street Thomas C